A PICC line is a soft, flexible intravascular catheter that is inserted peripherally. The tip of the catheter is then advanced until it is in a central vein. The recommended tip location is the caval atrial junction. This location is above the right atrium in the superior vena cava. With proper care, a PICC can remain in place for an extended period of time.
A physician or practitioner may place an order a for a PICC line for several different reasons as listed below:
- IV medications that may cause vein irritation
- Certain drug infusions can cause irritation to peripheral veins leading to chemical phlebitis. These include some antibiotics and other medications. These medications may either be very alkaline with a pH greater than 9 or very acidic with a pH less than 5.
- Normal blood pH is between 7.35 and 7.45(Link to medications that may cause vein irritation)
- Hyperosmolar solutions such as peripheral parental nutrition (PPN)
- Limited peripheral vein access
- Therapeutic infusions that must be administered for greater than 6 days.
- Decrease the risk of intravenous trauma
- Less costly than repeated IV placements
- PICC lines can remain in place for an extended period of time.
Disclaimer: The content on this site is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this Website.